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    2019年5月26日托福写作考题解析 - 马锦雯

    作者:马锦雯 2019-07-01 18:26 来源:武汉编辑
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    作者:北美考试院 托福写作组 马锦雯

     

    2019.05.26 托福综合写作真题

    The Integrated Task:网上买药(buying medications online)好不好

    The Reading:网上买药不好的三种原因

    1. 缺少官方的保证(official assurance),所以有潜在风险

    2. 可能有没说明的副作用,消费者会对药物的副作用不清楚

    3. 网上买药不清楚药品的来源,可能质量不达标

    The Listening:这三个理由都不成立

    1. 网上买药确实有一定的风险,但是,这是消费者自主选择的权利

    2. 网上的信息更加的庞大,消费者可以用database去查询药物的信息,会比药师(pharmacist)给的信息更全

    3.  人们可在本地的、同个供应商的网上药店买(local stores with same suppliers)

     

    考情分析:

     

        这道题目虽然在综合写作中,并不属于大家常见的生态类,考古类或者是艺术类等。反而是和现在生活息息相关的事情,属于生活类话题。因此,通过考生现在拥有的生活经验,并不难理解文章和听力的意思,整体难度属于中等。同时,这篇文章并没有太多较难理解的词汇出现,大多数的词汇例如database,online store,pharmacist等,都是一些基础的托福词汇,因此,平时在积累的时候,也可以和独立写作以及口语中生活类话题素材积累的过程中,一并完成。

     

    2019.05.26 托福独立写作真题

    The Independent Task

     

    Some students prefer to choose smaller classes with fewer students (professors can know each student's name), while others prefer to take bigger classes with lots of students.

     

    Which do you prefer and why?

     

     

    题目解析:

     

        这是一道相对常规的教育类话题考题,从话题看,主要是针对大班教育和小班教育进行一个对比。针对这一类的话题,同样也是双边立场都可以进行选择,在写之前,考生可以先去思考两边各自有什么优缺点。例如,大班上课,因为人多,学生们可以有机会接触到不同的人,从而分享不同的观点,也能得到跟多新的观点。另外,这也是学生认识更多的人,锻炼社交能力,扩大人际圈的机会。另一方面,对于小班教学,这也是目前越来越多人更愿意选择的一个上课方式,因为,老师的精力有限,对于小班,老师更能够实施个性化的教育,同时,在课堂上,学生也能够有更多的机会,去发表自己的观点,老师,也能够对此给予及时的反馈。针对这样子的题目,重点是需要去突出谁比谁更好。

     

        下面我们来看一篇范文:

     

    Have you ever had experienced that you or your friends browsed the websites or got addicted to the social applications during the course? Most of the students do have those misconducts in bigger classes because of the absent of the supervise. As far as I am concerned, I honestly believe the smaller class will bring more benefits to our future pillars.

     

    To start with, the differentiated teaching approach will be achieved easily in the class with fewer students, which means that students can receive education in various ways but with the same or similar achievements. After all, teachers have limit energy and time, so if they have to deal with the bigger classes such as the class with over fifty students at the same time, the only thing they can do is to stand in front of the class and follow the uniform curriculum. As a result, the needs of students with diverse capacities and backgrounds are rarely properly met. However, for the class with few students, the class assignments and activities would be based on the individuals needs. Similarly, when students encounter with some problems, the teachers would find them in time and correct in an efficient way, which will not only build stronger connections with students, but also help students to grasp concepts in a more intuitive way.

     

    Furthermore, the smaller classes are vital to ensure the studying efficiency. It is not uncommon that the students are easily to get distracted and sidetracked from the class with more learners owing to the deficient supervision and regulations. For example, some students could put phones into the classroom and secretly under the table to play. Worse, once someone started doing this kind of misconduct, others with limited autonomy will follow suit. Conversely, when it comes to the smaller class, the teachers could have enough energy to set the rules, to ensure the implement of discipline, to check the progress of each learner, and to provide feedback in time. That means the students will follow up with the teaching schedule, resulting in better understanding of the content and higher academic achievements.

     

    Admittedly, opponents may argue that the social skills will be improved through large classes. This is because learners could share their opinions with people from diverse backgrounds and cultures. Some people insist that it is indispensable for one to step into the societyNevertheless, we cannot ignore the fact that the core of the lecture is educating rather than socializing. Therefore, once the students thoughts flee from the class, they would hardly understand the true meaning of the course.

     

    To sum up, we cannot deny the fact that many students prefer to take the bigger class owing to the opportunity to expand their interpersonal relationship. But the merits of small class are prominent as the quality and equity of education will be achieved both simultaneously.  

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